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我读了100本书,总结出的10条建议

字号+ 来源:普特英语听力网 2017-07-18 13:00 我要评论

Lifehack的创始人及CEO,Leon Ho,近日在网站上发表了一篇文章,讲他在看完100本有关如何提高效率的书之后,总结出的10条心得,教大家如何打败拖延,如何高效率利用自己的时间。 今天

Lifehack的创始人及CEO,Leon Ho,近日在网站上发表了一篇文章,讲他在看完100本有关如何提高效率的书之后,总结出的10条心得,教大家如何打败拖延,如何高效率利用自己的时间。

今天普特君就把这篇文章翻译出来推荐给你们,希望对大家有用。

1. Don't wait for others to set your deadlines, set them for yourself

别等别人给你设定最后期限,自己来

While growing up with our structured school system, students are used to being given deadlines and working to meet them. This causes a problem when we suddenly don't have a deadline to work towards. We tend to get lazy because there is no sense of urgency. This is why overachievers in school tend to be average in the real world, as they don't have deadlines to work towards once no one sets it for them.

在我么漫长的学生生涯中,我们习惯了在各种最后期限之前努力完成任务。这就使得当我们突然没有了最后期限之后,就不知道劲往哪处使了。因为没有紧迫感,我们渐渐变懒。这也是为什么很多在学霸学神走出象牙塔来到社会后变得平平的原因,因为一旦没人再为他们设定最后期限,他们便失去了努力的动力。

Successful people don't wait, they set deadlines for their personal goals. While meeting external deadlines (those that are given to you) helps you to survive and meet the bare minimum, internal deadlines (those that you give yourself) make you push through your boundaries. The key is to be proactive, not passive.

成功人士从不等待,他们为自己的目标设定最后期限。来自外部的最后期限(别人给的),可以帮你达到及格线,生存下来;而来自内部的最后期限(自己给的)却可以激发你的潜能。关键在于主动,而不是被动。

2. Keep track of your time like you do your bank account

像记录银行存款一样记录你的时间

We like to think that we know ourselves well. But when asked to recall, we can't remember what we did at this time on this day last week. Time is the most valuable resource we have. We need to track it like we do our bank accounts, because as the old saying goes, time is money. You can always earn more money, but you can never get back wasted time.

我们想当然的认为自己是了解自己的,但被问起的上周的这个时间做了什么,却记不起来。时间是我们所拥有的最珍贵的资源。我们要像记录银行存款一样记录时间,就像一句老话所说的,时间就是金钱。你可以挣来许多钱,却追不回浪费掉的时间。

Keep a time-sheet to record how much time you spend on tasks. Even everyday/personal tasks. You'll be surprised to see how much time you waste on certain things.

拿一张时间表来记录你花在每件事上的时间,无论是日常事务还是私事。花在某些特定事情上的时间会让你惊讶的。

3. Don't focus on your weaknesses, work on your strengths instead

不要执着于你的弱点,要发扬你的长处

It's common practice to improve your weaknesses. But that shouldn't be your primary focus.  The most important thing is to first improve your strengths.  Having a strength means that you already have a foundation for it and acquired the basic skills.  You should already have a solid idea of what to improve.  The difference is that this growth will be exponential versus improving anything else.

想提升自己的弱点是人之常情,但这不该成为你的优先考虑。首当其冲、最重要的是加强你的优势。有某项优势意味着你已经在这方面有基础、有基本功,你清楚的知道自己在哪些方面还有待提升。跟提升其他方面相比,着重加强自己的优势带来的是指数级的增长。

4. Rank tasks by importance, not the order you received them

把事情按重要程度排序,而不是先后顺序

Every task does not hold the same weight of importance as others might. Always ask yourself: What needs to be done right away? Regularly rank your tasks, and get the vital ones out of the way.

事情总有个轻重缓急,问问自己,有什么事是必须现在要做的?定期对要做的事进行排序,把至关重要的那些单个拎出来。

Sometimes we make the mistake of thinking that because a task came earlier, it is more important than the following tasks. Some tasks have a leveraging effect, so even if they arise later than other tasks, it should be prioritized to be finished right away.

有时我们会犯这样的错误,认为先遇到的事情总是比后遇到的更重要。但有些事情是有杠杆效应的,即便它们来的晚,但却应该被优先完成。

Example: You are planning to brush up on your presentation skills, so you read 20 self-improvement books to reach your goal. Then you decide to read books on speed reading. The best move would have been to read the speed reading books first, to make reading your self-improvement books quicker and more effective.

举个例子:你打算复习你的表达技巧,所以你读了20本关于自我提升的书籍来达到你的目的。接下来,你决定读一些教人如何速读的书籍。但正确的步骤是你应该先读有关速读的书籍,然后再去读提升自我的书籍,这样才会更快速高效。

5. Don't bite off more than you can chew

贪多嚼不烂

"You can't eat the whole pizza at once." Now while this statement may come off as a challenge the point is that we think we can handle enormous tasks on our own. Taking on too much at once can be discouraging, and will ultimately lessen your motivation.

“你不能一口吃成个胖子。”这个观点对很多人来说可能是一个挑战,我们总以为凭自己就可以处理庞大的事务。然而,一次性承受太多反而会让人产生沮丧感,最终会削弱你的积极性。

The solution: break down big tasks into smaller, digestible tasks to create order and relieve some of the stress.

解决方法:把一个大任务拆成一个个小的、易消化的任务,然后依次序慢慢解决。

6. Use your brain for thinking, not remembering

用大脑来思考,而不是记忆

Information is unlimited, it's impossible to remember everything. There's a popular saying, "You have already forgotten more than you already know." Meaning, there is just too much information to retain it all through memory alone. There's a variety of tools that we can use to organize our thoughts and ideas for us, such as: computers, notebooks, our phones, etc.

信息是无限的,要记住所有事情是不可能的。有句俗语说的好啊“你忘记的比你知道的多。”就是说,信息这么多,光靠记忆力来保持不太可能。我们可以使用很多的工具来帮助我们整理思绪,比如:电脑,笔记本,手机等等。

7. Review your productivity at the end of the day

每天结束前回顾一下所做之事

At the end of your day, take the time to reflect what you have accomplished, and what could be improved.

每天结束前,花点时间思考一下自己完成了哪些事,还有哪些有待提高。

Ask yourself these questions:

问自己这些问题:

What have I done well?

哪些事我做的很好?

What have I done poorly?

哪些事没有做好?

Why did some things not work out as planned?

为什么有些事没有按计划进行?

How can I do better tomorrow?

明天怎么才能做得更好?

When we don't reflect, we rely only on natural growth. Successful people concentrate on deliberate practice, where they actively identify and focus on things to improve. Even if you feel that you've done a job well done, still consider what could be done in terms of improvement.

如果我们不反思总结,就只能依靠自然增长。成功人士会集中心力在刻意练习中,他们主动借鉴,把注意力放在怎么提升上。即使你觉得自己已经做得够好了,但还是应该考虑如何做得更好。

8.Always assume that you don't know as much as you may think you know

永远假设,你知道的没有你自以为的多

Because the truth is, most people don't know much. There's an endless supply of information relating to just about anything. Never be overly satisfied, always know that there is room for improvement. Just because you have a good thing, it doesn't mean that it couldn't be better. Always continue to strive for more and look for new insights. You're really only the best if you look for new ways to grow. And most importantly, don't allow yourself to be secretly arrogant. Or outwardly arrogant. Stay humble.

因为真相就是,大多数人确实知之甚少。有关任何事的信息都是无止尽的,永远不要自满,永远记住总还有提升的空间。你擅长一些事,并不代表你不能做的更好。要一直奋斗不息、开阔视野,只有不断创新成长的人,才是最棒的人。最重要的是,不要让自己变得傲慢,无论是背地里的,还是表面上的。保持谦虚。

9. Stretch your creativity no matter what your job is

无论你的工作是什么,要不断创新

We need a bit of creativity for every task that we complete, no matter how mundane it may seem. Creativity is not always a naturally given talent, but a muscle that can be trained. We need a bit of creativity in order to step up our efficiency.

我们所做的每一件事,都要让它富有创造力,无论它看起来是多么平庸。创造力并不总是一种自然天赋,而是一种后天习得的能力。我们需要一点创造力来提升效率。

You need to exercise your creativity to make an already existing practice even better.

你需要训练自己的创造能力,让已有的事物变得更好。

10. Start with the big picture, work down to the details

着眼于整体,着手于细节

Identify the ultimate goal at hand, and start from the beginning. Then, break down every task in sequential order that needs to be achieved in order to reach this ultimate goal. Double check your tasks at hand, ask yourself how it fits into the big picture and if it is really necessary. Could you time be better spent on a different task? Don't just work mindlessly. Always consider the big picture and the moves you are making towards it.

明确即将到来的终极目标,从头做起。然后,把终极目标拆分成一个个小目标,按需要达成的次序排好。反复确认你即将要做的事情,问问自己它该如何融入整体目标?是不是真的有必要做?时间花在另一个不同的任务上是不是会更好?带脑子工作。考虑整体的同时,也要思考你为此而做的每一步。

这些对你有没有用呢?

大家有什么提升效率、打败拖延的方法,欢迎留言分享呀。

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